# Security

These checks are related to security concerns. Workloads that fail these checks may make your cluster more vulnerable, often by introducing a path for privilege escalation.

key default description
hostIPCSet danger Fails when hostIPC attribute is configured.
hostPIDSet danger Fails when hostPID attribute is configured.
notReadOnlyRootFilesystem warning Fails when securityContext.readOnlyRootFilesystem is not true.
privilegeEscalationAllowed danger Fails when securityContext.allowPrivilegeEscalation is true.
runAsRootAllowed warning Fails when securityContext.runAsNonRoot is not true.
runAsPrivileged danger Fails when securityContext.privileged is true.
insecureCapabilities warning Fails when securityContext.capabilities includes one of the capabilities listed here (opens new window)
dangerousCapabilities danger Fails when securityContext.capabilities includes one of the capabilities listed here (opens new window)
hostNetworkSet warning Fails when hostNetwork attribute is configured.
hostPortSet warning Fails when hostPort attribute is configured.
tlsSettingsMissing warning Fails when an Ingress lacks TLS settings.

# Background

Securing workloads in Kubernetes is an important part of overall cluster security. The overall goal should be to ensure that containers are running with as minimal privileges as possible. This includes avoiding privilege escalation, not running containers with a root user, not giving excessive access to the host network, and using read only file systems wherever possible.

A pod running with the hostNetwork attribute enabled will have access to the loopback device, services listening on localhost, and could be used to snoop on network activity of other pods on the same node. There are certain examples where setting hostNetwork to true is required, such as deploying a networking plugin like Flannel.

Setting the hostPort attribute on a container will ensure that it is accessible on that specific port on each node it is deployed to. Unfortunately when this is specified, it limits where a pod can actually be scheduled in a cluster.

Much of this configuration can be found in the securityContext attribute for both Kubernetes pods and containers. Where configuration is available at both a pod and container level, Polaris validates both.

# Further Reading